The Historical Relationship between Affective Variables and ICT Based Learning and Instruction and Achievement in the Israeli School System

Katz, Y. J.

ICT methodologies have been part and parcel of learning and
instruction in the Israeli educational system since the mid-1970s when the
behavioral theory based TOAM closed minicomputer based drill and practice
learning methodology was introduced into Israeli schools. Later in the late 1970s
the first PCs adapted for educational use were introduced into Israeli schools and
continued in the drill and practice tradition. Thereafter, in the mid-1980s with the
introduction of more advanced PCs into Israeli classrooms, open courseware
coupled with electronic spreadsheets and databases came to the fore in ICT based
learning and instruction. In the early 1990s when constructivist learning theory
became accepted in the Israeli educational system, simulations and computerlearner
interaction became popular ICT based learning methodologies used in
Israeli schools. In the late 1990s reality technology was introduced as an ICT
based learning methodology and in the mid-2000s ICT based distance learning
became a permanent feature of learning and instruction in the Israeli educational
system. Alongside the process of ICT introduction into the Israeli educational
system, affective aspects of ICT utilization in schools was closely monitored.
Much effort was expended in research designed to examine the relationship
between ICT use in learning and instruction and scholastic achievement of
students at all levels in the school system. Research evidence accumulated over
the years indicates that teacher and student autonomy, computer self-confidence,
computer efficacy, locus of control, need for innovation, extraversion, and control
of the learning process are just a few of the affective variables found to
significantly enhance ICT use in Israeli schools. Bearing in mind the progress
made in the assimilation of ICT based learning and instruction in Israeli schools, it
appears justified for educational policy makers and administrators to consider the
importance of affective variables of both teachers and students when assessing
their capability to best utilize ICT in school.

Katz, Y. J. (2014)

The Historical Relationship between Affective Variables and ICT Based Learning and Instruction and Achievement in the Israeli School System. In A. Tatnall and B. Davey (Eds.), Reflections on the History of Computers in Education, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 424. (pp. 324–338). Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer

Last Updated Date : 16/07/2018